Russian Coatings Journal

5/2024
5/2024
4, 48 NEWS

ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
8 Anticorrosive Coatings Market: growth factors

PROTECTION FROM CORROSION
12 Conventional and core pigment: technical characteristics and anti-corrosion performance — Suchkov V. S., Doctor of Chem. Sci., Prof. Stepin S. N., Associate Prof., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Sorokov A. V., Vengilevskikh P. V., Gataullina Ch. V.
Abstract.
The properties of traditional anticorrosive pigment magnesium manganate and its core analog obtained using talc as a particle nucleus are compared. Advantages and disadvantages of these types of pigments are noted.
Keywords: core pigments, anticorrosive protection, grinding, corrosion currents.

22 Industrial epoxy coatings for special purpose in terms of import substitution — Saigusheva A. S., Tyurin S. V.
Abstract.
In the article reviewed domestic industrial epoxy coatings. The properties of epoxy coatings from various domestic manufacturers are characterized. The technological indicators of the application of domestic coatings in comparison with the coatings of Jotun Paints LLC are presented.
Keywords: epoxy coatings, anticorrosive protection, special purpose coatings.

35 To restore lost positions. The effect of a composition with polyvinyl acetate dispersion on zinc corrosion. Part 7 — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Prof. Voitovich V. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Prof. Khryapchenkova I. N.
Abstract.
The article presents experimental data obtained in the study of corrosion protection by coatings made from a mixture of plasticized polyvinyl acetate dispersion with phosphoric and hydroxyethylidene diphosphonic acids, corrosion inhibitors, ethyl silicate-32, surfactant OP-7.
Keywords: zinc corrosion, polyvinyl acetate dispersion, phosphoric and hydroxyethylidene diphosphonic acid, ethyl silicate-32, corrosion inhibitors, PVA OP-7.

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
16 Obtaining iron oxide pigments by grinding of iron-containing waste from metallurgical production — Kudryavtsev Ya. V., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Tereshko A. E.
Abstract.
The aim of the work is to investigate the possibility of obtaining an iron oxide pigment from the waste containing iron oxide of the metallurgical production of PJSC Severstal.
The possibility of dispersing waste from metallurgical production containing iron oxide in various media has been determined. The pigment properties of the dispersion products have been investigated. It is shown that the product obtained by dispersion of iron oxide in a liquid glass medium has the best pigment properties. Recommendations on the use of the resulting product are given and the possibility of using it in coatings is shown.
Keywords: pigment, iron oxide, waste, dispersion, pigment properties, sedimentation analysis.

29 Pigments based on glauconite sandstones of the changi deposit for industrial paint and varnish materials — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Shinkareva E. V., Researcher Simash N. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Senior Researcher, Yakubov S. I., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Senior Researcher, Mirzaev A. Zh.
Abstract.
Sieve analyzes of glauconite sandstones from the Changi deposit are considered. Microphotographs of initial and heat-treated glauconite in the temperature range 400–1000 °C are presented. The possibility of obtaining colored pigments of an expanded color palette by modifying glauconite raw materials with appropriate additives has been studied.
Keywords: glauconite from the Changi deposit, granulometric composition, microphotography, pigments.

38 Special coatings. Absorption-reflectivity ability — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kaverinsky V. S.

EVENTS
41 Interlakokraska-2024: features and nuances

OBITUARY
48 In memory of A. S. Reznichenko

46 YOUR NAVIGATOR
4/2024
4/2024
4, 62 NEWS

ANNIVERSARY
6 To the 60th anniversary of Drinberg A. S.

TECHNOLOGIES AND EQUIPMENT
10 Problems of pigment dispersion and their solution — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kaverinsky V. S.

INTERVIEW
18 I like the tremendous of our plans…

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
20 Decorative coatings based on coloured epoxy oligomers — Doctor of Chem. Sci., Prof. Mognonov D. M., Doctor of Tech. Sci., Prof. Zayakhanov M. E., Associate Prof. Mangadaev A.M., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Prof.Dorzhieva E. V. Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Prof. Balkhanova E. D.
Abstract:
Colored synthetic resins obtained by grinding resin and pigments (dyes) in ball mills have low light resistance and are characterized by migration of pigment to the surface. To obtain them, a large amount of pigment (dye) is required. Much better performance is typical for structurally colored resins in which the dye or pigment is chemically bonded to the polymer macromolecule. In this paper, the possibility of obtaining colored decorative paints based on structurally colored binders, which were obtained by joint polycondensation of diphenylolpropane, epichlorohydrin and small amounts (0.1–0.5% by weight) of glycidyl esters of 1-aminoanthraquinone (GEAA) or diglycidyl ether of 1.5-diaminoanthraquinone (DGEAA), is considered.
Glycidyl esters of aminoanthraquinone (GEAA and DGEAA) were synthesized by the N-alkylation of 1-aminoanthraquinone or 1.5-diaminoanthraquinone with epichlorohydrin.
The resulting structurally colored oligomers are viscous liquids with a molecular weight from 400 to 700 (cryoscopy in benzene), colored from orange to red.
Structurally colored epoxy oligomers are characterized by intense coloring, high light resistance while maintaining good mechanical properties.
Keywords: UV curing, radiation polymerization, acrylic urethane film-forming materials, monomers, photoinitiators.

RAW MATERIALS, INTERMEDIATES AND MATERIALS
26 Modifying wax additives for coatings

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
28 Promising directions of research and development the technology of synthesis of acrylurethane film-forming materials for UV curing —
Dunaev V. M., Doctor of Tech. Sci., Prof. Drinberg A. S., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Uspenskaya M. V.
Abstract.
Current trends in the development and application of UV-curable acrylic urethane film-forming materials are summarized. Examples of the most promising technologies for producing coatings using radiation polymerization are given. Technical solutions and technologies for using new photoinitiators and monomers to improve the protective and physical-mechanical characteristics of UV-curable acrylic urethane film-forming coatings are presented.
Keywords: UV curing, radiation polymerization, acrylic urethane film-forming materials, monomers, photoinitiators.

47 New technology for producing film-forming materials based on epoxidized butadiene oligomers — Solodyazhnikov A. S., Doctor of Tech. Sci., Prof. Drinberg A. S.
Abstract.
The chemical principles of the epoxidation process of various oligomers and polymers have been studied. The most promising technologies for producing film formers by epoxidation are considered. Examples of the use of catalytic complexes for this process are translated. The mechanisms for improving the physical and mechanical properties of epoxy film formers have been studied. Ways to develop a new technology for the epoxidation of diene resins are outlined.
Keywords: epoxidation, butadiene oligomers, catalytic metal complexes, hydroperoxides.

53 Development of an interoperable zinc-containing primer based on high molecular weight epoxy resins — Postgraduate student Zelenskaya A. D., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Prof. Fediakova N. V., senior lecturer Pavlov A. V., master of science Elesin E. V.
Abstract.
The work presents the full cycle of development of an interoperable zinc-containing primer based on two epoxy resins with different molecular weights: from selecting components to determining the properties of the formed coatings. The main physical and mechanical properties of the resulting coatings are presented, as well as the results of welding tests.
Keywords: shop primer, non-removable surgical coatings, zinc-protective shop primers, epoxy oligomers.

PHYSICO-CHEMICAL RESEARCH
32 Adsorption of oligomers with different functional groups from solutions in xylene on carbon black samples — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Konishchev M. A., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Aristov B. G., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Smrchek V. A., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kienskaya K. I.
Abstract.
The adsorption from solutions in xylene of special additives containing different functional groups - acidic, basic and quaternary ammonium - was studied on carbon black samples used in the domestic coatings industry. It was found that in the case of carbon black, adsorption is due only to dispersion interactions. In the case of microporous samples, the adsorption value of additives is several times greater. It is shown. that the filling of micropores begins already in the region of low concentrations by volumetric filling without capillary condensation and the plateau on the isotherms corresponds to the completion of this process. The maximum value of adsorption is determined by the available volume of the porous space of the sorbent.
Keywords: carbon black, functional group, isotherm, adsorption, monolayer, acidic additive, basic additive, porosity, mesoporous carbon black, microporous carbon black, micropore, capillary condensation.

EVENTS
41 The return of traditions — Andrutskaya O. M.

OBITUARY
63 In memory of Kuleshova I. D.
63 In memory of Pavlovich A. V.

60 YOUR NAVIGATOR
3/2024
3/2024
4, 48 NEWS

COMPANY’S PORTRAIT
10 Industrial cooperation of JSC Roskhim

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
12 Once more about water in coatings (review) — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kaverinsky V. S., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Indeykina A. E., Prof. Indeykin E. A.
32 Intumescent coatings for fire protection of lithium-ion batteries — Candidate of Military Sci. Savelyev D. V., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Pavlovich A. V., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Zybina O. A.
Abstract.
The combustion mechanism of lithium-ion batteries (LIB) has been studied. Research on the development of fire-intumescent coatings to protect LIB from fire is reviewed. Еstablished that the most effective means of fighting fire in LIA is the combination of fireproofing agents with non-flammable ballistic fabrics has been. revealed that to create an ORP to protect LIBs, paint and varnish compositions based on intercalated graphite and vinyl alkyds should be used has been.
Keywords: lithium-ion battery (LIB), intumescent coatings, thermal runaway, ballistic fabric, foam coke, jet fire, intercalated graphite, vinyl alkyd.

EXPERT VIEW
17 Silver — for electronics, electrical engineers, jewelers, but not to the coatings producers — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Professor, Voitovich V. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Prof. Khryapchenkova I. N.
Abstract.
The article argues that silver, as a biocide, cannot be used to protect water-based coatings from biological damage, because being in nature, their waste will disrupt the microbiological balance in natural ecosystems. More environmentally friendly biocides have been proposed to protect water-based paints from bio-contamination.
Keywords: silver, biocides, bioimages, quaternary ammonium compounds, polyvinyl acetate dispersion.

RAW MATERIALS, INTERMEDIATES AND MATERIALS
20 More good and necessary dispersions

PRODUCTS AND RESEARCH
22 Activity of mono- and dizirconyl carboxylates in the presence of cobalt and manganese dryers in the curing of alkyd binders — Sotnikov A.V., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Stoyanov V.M., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Prof. Savostyanov A.P.
Abstract.
The activity of zirconyl and dizirconyl carboxylates as dryers in combination with cobalt and manganese in the most common types of alkyd binders – fatty alkyd varnish, alkyd-urethane and alkyd-styrene lacquers, was studied.
In this purpose, 2-ethylhexanoates of zirconyl and dizirconyl were put in various ratios with primary dryers (2-ethylhexanoates of cobalt and manganese) into varnishes and applied to a glass substrate. Then the drying time and the rate of hardness gain of the obtained films were measured.
It was found out that for all types of binders, the activity of zirconium dryer depends only on the amount of metal introduced into the varnish and, in the case of using 2-ethylhexanoates of zirconyl and dizirconyl, does not depend on the type of zirconium compound used. The optimal molar ratios of cobalt with zirconium (1:2) and manganese with zirconium (1:1) have also been identified, which allow to obtain the maximum drying rate and a set of hardness of alkyd binders.
Keywords: dryers, carboxylates of zirconyl and dicirconyl, 2-ethylhexanoate of cobalt.

TECHNOLOGIES AND EQUIPMENT
37 Design management and operation of the lines for the production and application of powder paints — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Professor Boldyrev V. S., Doctor of Tech. Sci., Prof. Menshikov V. V., Tishkin V. V., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Prof. Nevmjatullina H. A., Zubarev A. M., Volodin D. V.
Abstract.
The article discusses the possibilities of using innovative methods for the design and development of powder paint production lines. The problem of choosing software for searching and identifying problem areas of the line for subsequent effective solution of the found shortcomings has been solved. The features of the production of epoxy powder paints and the development of production lines for the paint and varnish industry were studied. Using the AutoCAD software environment, a project was created to modify and reengineer a section of the production line for producing and applying powder paints.
Keywords: paint technologies, chemical-technological system, production organization, computer-aided design, epoxy paints, powder coatings, production lines, engineering.

45 YOUR NAVIGATOR
1-2/2024
1-2/2024
4, 72 NEWS

PRODUCTS AND RESEARCH
18 Saturated polyester resins used in coating formulations — Dr. Cemil Dizman, Levent Babayiğit

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
21 Special paints and coatings. Materials that change color — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kaverinsky V. S.

INTERVIEW
24 Immersion in color

EQUIPMENT
28 Equipment for grinding and liquid crushing of YOKES MAKINA company at the Interlakokraska-2024 exhibition

PROTECTION FROM CORROSION
30 Protection of the inner surface of tubing and field pipelines using anticorrosive coatings — Buziner Yu. L., Shmakov N. N.

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
34 From rust converters to primer converters of corrosion products. Part 6. Restore lost positions — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Voitovich V. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Khryapchenkova I. N., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Chelysheva S. F.
Abstract.
The article presents the results of experiments to study the effects of a mixture of phosphoric acid with hydroxyethylidene diphosphonic acid on rust and recrement. It has been found that it dissolves both of these iron corrosion products. Based on the results obtained, a primer converter of corrosion products has been developed, the film-forming agent of which is plasticized polyvinyl acetate dispersion.
Keywords: scale, rust, phosphoric acid, hydroxyethylidene diphosphonic acid, polyvinyl acetate dispersion, primer converter of corrosion products.

ECOLOGY AND RESOURCE SAFETY
38 Conversion of powder coating waste into solvent-based polymer paints — Izmaylov Valeriy
Abstract.
The work proposed a novel approach for creating solvent-based polymer paints from powder coating waste. Polymer paints were created by dissolving powder coating waste with a complex solvent and adding a crosslinking agent — aliphatic polyisocyanate. The final product has been tested for quality control.
Keywords: powder coating waste, polymer paints.

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
41 Fullscale testing of special underwater antifouling Exidis® enamel on the Prirazlomnaya offshore platform — Cherkashina V. G., Ivanova A. M., Sharipov T. Z., Drinberg A. A., Ezerina M. M., Ageeva A. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Petrov S. K., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S.
Abstract.
Underwater fullscale tests of the special underwater antifouling Exidis enamel out in thePechersk Sea were carried. The enamel does not contain organic solvents and cuprous oxide. Theenamel has a water displacement effect, antifouling and anti-corrosion properties. The compositioncontains environmentally valuable biocides that do not contain metal ions. Exidis enamel can be used asan antifouling material in the conditions of the Far North, Arctic and Antarctic has been established.
Keywords: antifouling, water displacement, biocides, metal ions, anticorrosion properties, offshoreiceresistant stationary platform, remotely controlled uninhabited underwater vehicle.

EXPERT VIEW
45 Personnel: do the companies of the industry need them? — Averyanov G. V., Kobulashvili N. G.

PHYSICO-CHEMICAL RESEARCH
51 Fire protection epoxy coatings for steel structures: influence of different temperature effects — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Gravit M. V., Shabunina D. E., Shcheglov N. E.
Abstract.
Various systems of flame retardant coatings are used to protect metal structures of platforms and rack structures of oil and gas facilities from low (in case of cryogenic liquids spill) and high temperatures (in case of possible development of hydrocarbon fire regime). The article presents the results of tests of fireproof coatings on epoxy binder after modeling of liquefied hydrocarbons spill
and subsequent development of hydrocarbon fire regime. Experimental data for epoxy coatings undera standard fire regime are also presented. By solving the inverse heat conduction problem using finite element modeling it was possible to determine the thermophysical properties of the formed foam coke at the end of fire tests of metal structures with epoxy coatings. The average thickness of the epoxy coating
to achieve fire protection efficiency of 120 min and the consumption of the coating for hydrocarbon fire mode compared to the consumption in the standard mode were determined. Nomograms of dependence of the time of reaching the critical temperature on the volume coefficient at standard and hydrocarbon fire modes, at different thickness of the dry layer of epoxy coating are constructed.
Keywords: oil and gas complex, steel structure, epoxy coatings, fire resistance limit, fire protection, hydrocarbon and standard fire regimes, intumescent coating, cryogenic exposure.

ANNIVERSARIES
8 Anniversary of Menshikov V. V.

EVENTS AND FACTS
49 Features of the exhibition «Interlakokraska-2024»

69 YOUR NAVIGATOR

12/2023
12/2023
4, 56 NEWS

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
10 Organosilicon (silicone) resins from DENGE KIMYA — Denisova O. V., Şentürk Elif, Göktürk Hakan
19 Research of influence of element structure of oligoorganosilazanes on properties of paint coatings based on varnish KO-08 — Doctor of Tech. Sci. Kondrashov E. K., Kozlova A. A.
Abstract.
In article test results of coatings on the basis of the organic silicon varnish modified by organosilazanes are provided. Influence of the different elements entered into structure of the modifying additive on basis oligorganosilazanes, on properties of coatings is shown.
Keywords: organosilicon coating, stabilizer, oligoorganosilazane, heat-resistant coating, petrol resistance, adhesion.

25 Russian «base coat/clear coat» coating system for painting the external surface of aircraft — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Serdcelyubova A. S., Zverevich Yu. K., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Merculova Yu. I.
Abstract.
The article is devoted to the developed domestic system of coatings «base coat/clear coat» type, intended for protective and decorative painting of the external surface of aircraft. The system includes base enamel of the VE-84 trademark in a wide range of colors and weather-resistant varnish of the VL-25 trademark for the outer layer, which has high resistance to UV radiation, the ability to maintain gloss for a long time and provides protection of coatings from color changes. The article presents the results of accelerated corrosion and climatic tests, dielectric, physical-mechanical and operational indicators.
Keywords: coatings, exterior painting, corrosion protection, weather-resistant coatings, aviation paints and varnishes.

ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
14 The market of resins for coatings

RAW MATERIALS, INTERMEDIATES AND MATERIALS AND PRODUCTS
18 Zinc Phosphate RN-ZnP 20

EVENTS AND FACTS
35 The Chemistry exhibition is breaking records!
40 An industry event that cannot be missed

CORROSION PROTECTION
42 Polyaniline — component of anticorrosive paints and coatings — Prof., Stepin S. N., Vengilevskich P. N.
Abstract.
The characteristics of aniline polymerization product from the point of view of its use as an inhibiting component of paint and varnish coatings are considered. The influence of doping and synergic combinations with other inhibitors on realization of anticorrosion potential of polyaniline is noted. The prospects of application of nanosized core polyaniline pigments are pointed out. of accelerated corrosion and climatic tests, dielectric, physical-mechanical and operational indicators.
Keywords: polyaniline, doping, core pigments, anticorrosive coatings.


49 YOUR NAVIGATOR
52 INDEX OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN 2023
11/2023
11/2023
4, 38 NEWS

СORROSION PROTECTION C
11 Corrosion under thermal insulation and features of assessing the protective properties of coatings: a review of techniques — Gavrilets R. B.

EXPERT OPINION
18 What will the coatings industry looks like in 2050?

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
20 Restore lost positions. Part 5. Cement-polyvinyl acetate paints — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Professor Voitovich V. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Professor Khryapchenkova I. N.

NANOTECHNOLOGY
24 New generation composite coating system: nanocoating
28 Study of nanotitanium-modified phenolic resin and corrosion resistance of coatings based on it
32 Comparative analysis of the characteristics of aqueous materials with nanobiocides for wood treatment

ANNIVERSARIES
10 Congratulations with the anniversary!

36 YOUR NAVIGATOR
10/2023
10/2023
4, 56 NEWS

EVENTS
10 Important events in the coatings industry in 2023
14 Restructuring of Russian business standards — Andrutskaya O. M.

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
18 Effect of acrylic film-forming on properties of organosilicon lacquers coatings — Kirillov A. A., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kuz’min M. V., Doctor of Chem. Sci. Kol’tsov N. I.
Abstract.
The effect of copolymers of methyl methacrylate and butyl methacrylate Degalan LP 65/12, Dianal MB 7497 and Dacril SP 652 as an acrylic film on the properties of heat-resistant lacquer coatings based on polymethylphenylsiloxane resin was investigated. The density, viscosity, molecular weight distribution of varnish compositions, as well as the mechanical properties of coatings based on them have been identified: tensile strength, elongation, hardness and elastic modulus. The ratios of acrylic film-forming agents and polymethylphenylsiloxane resin were established at which coatings with optimal properties were obtained.
Keywords: acrylic film-forming agents, copolymers of methyl methacrylate and butyl methacrylate, polymethylphenylsiloxane resin, varnish coatings, elastic-strength properties, gel permeation chromatography, molecular weight distribution.

37 Utilization of the powder coating waste in the production of concrete mixes — Izmaylov V. Т.
Abstract.
The lab researches have completed for usage of powder coating waste as a plasticizer in concrete mixtures and as pigments for volumetric coloring of silicate bricks.
The test results discovered the plasticizing activity of the powder coating waste additive in the concrete mixture. Also detected the low efficiency of using powder coating waste as pigment materials in bulk coloring of silicate bricks.
Keywords: powder coatings, powder coating waste, concrete mixes, building mortars.

40 Coatings based on water-soluble polyesters — Doctor of Tech. Sci., Prof. Mognonov D. M., Doctor of Tech. Sci., Prof. Zayakhanov M. E., Candidate of Tech. Sci., associate professor Dorzhieva E. V., Candidate of Tech. Sci., associate professor Balkhanova E. D., Mangadaev A. M.
Abstract.
The article considers the production of paint and varnish materials based on water-soluble polyesters. Unsaturated and saturated water-soluble polyesters were obtained by the polycondensation reaction in the melt of diols, dicarboxylic acids or their anhydrites and the sodium salt propane hydrochlorohydrin sulfonic acid. The structure of the obtained polymers is confirmed by the data of elemental analysis and IR spectroscopy. Paint coatings with good physical and mechanical properties were obtained on the basis of unsaturated polyesters.
Keywords: water-soluble polyesters, sodium salt of propane hydrochlorohydrin sulfonic acids, saturated polyesters, unsaturated polyesters.

EXPERT OPINION
24 Unique coatings and 300 years of the live voice of Stradivarius violins — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Kaverinsky V. S.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
27 Methods for reducing costs in engineering and Re-engineering low-volume paint production — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate professor Boldyrev V. S., Doctor of Tech. Sci., Professor Men’shikov V. V., researcher Savina A. S., engineer Zotkin A. P., researcher Bogatov N. A., Senior lecturer Tishkin V. V.
Abstract.
The presented work examines in detail the use of the developed expert system for selecting cost-effective technologies and production equipment in the engineering and reengineering of enterprises in the paint and varnish industry. Methods for reducing economic and energy costs when carrying out complex engineering of small-tonnage chemical-technological systems for paint and varnish production are presented. The use of reactors with induction heating is considered, with the possibility of reducing time and operating costs.
Keywords: paint technologies, low-tonnage chemistry, engineering, chemical-technological system, organization of production, synthesis reactors.

STANDARDIZATION AND METROLOGY
44 ISO 22899-1 Standard. Determination of the resistance of passive protection materials to the action of a fire jet. Part 10 — Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Candidate of Military Sci. Savelyev D. V., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Pavlovich A. V., Vrublevsky C. B. Doctor of Tech. Sci. Zybina O.A., Mamonov A. I.
Abstract.
The international standard ISO 22899-1, which makes it possible to determine the fire resistance of passive protection materials in a jet fire is considered. Test requires a gas flow rate in the nozzle of 0,3 kg/s at a pressure of 2,3 bar been established. The temperature of the resulting flame can reach 1400 °C
with the formation of a fireball. The types of tested fire-fighting materials facing materials, intumescent coatings, components and structures are indicated. The types of tests by this method: external and internal configuration of the installation are considered.
Keywords: fire jet, jet nozzle, temperature regime, fireball, intumescent coatings, coating erosion.

53 YOUR NAVIGATOR
9/2023
9/2023
4, 60 NEWS

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
10 DENSURF DA 4010 is your right choice for carbon black grinding — Denisova O. V., Aylin Aydemir, Hüseyin Eren
24 Restore lost positions. Part 4. Three in one: coalescer, elastifier for polyvinyl acetate dispersion, reinforce of products from it — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Voitovich V. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Khryapchenkova I. N.
Abstract.
The article provides information that ethyl silicate-32 performs in polyvinyl acetate dispersion the function of a coalescent during film formation, an elasticizer during the operation of products, as well as a substance that increases strength.
Keywords: coalescence, polyvinyl acetate dispersion, ethyl silicate-32, elastification, strengthing.

45 Typical aspects of formulating solvent based coatings for general industrial use — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Fedyakova N. V., Bokrenev Yu. A., Pavlov A. V., Zelenskaya A. D.
Abstract.
The paper considers the basic rules for formulating solvent based coatings for general industrial purposes. The classification of recipes is given. Using the combined method, the formulation of uralkid enamel of the business category was calculated. A computer program for calculating the formulations of solvent based coatings for general industrial purposes has been developed.
Keywords: recipe building identifiers, recipe cycle, degree of pigmentation, filling constant, program for calculating formulations of coatings.

DISCUSSION CLUB
15 Compete on equal terms

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
20 Polyaspartic resins and their coating applications — Dr. Cemil Dizman, M.Sc. Semiha Eral
29 Adsorption of oligomers with various functional groups from solutions in xylene on titanium dioxide samples used in the domestic coatings industry — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Konichev M. A., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Aristov B. G., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Smrchek V. A., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kienskaya K. I., Doctor of Chem. Sci. Perevalov V. P.
Abstract.
The adsorption of special additives containing different functional groups: acidic, alkaline and quaternary ammonium — from solutions in xylene was studied on samples of titanium dioxide used in the domestic coatings industry. The areas occupied by additive molecules in a dense monolayer on the TiO2 surface are calculated. It is shown that the maximum values of adsorption are observed in the case of an additive having a basic character, and the minimum values in the case of a quaternary amine. The largest value of the main additive is explained by the presence of modifiers in TiO2 samples — oxides of amphoteric metals (Al2O3, SiO2, ZrO2) capable of showing acid-base properties. In this case, simultaneously with the physical adsorption of the solute, chemoadsorption takes place due to strong Lewis acid centers. The smaller value of the acidic additive indicates both weak chemisorption due to weaker main centers, and a weakening of physical adsorption due to the displacement of the additive from the surface of TiO2 by solvent molecules. In the case of quaternary amine, chemisorption is absent and only physical adsorption is observed, weakened by competing solvent adsorption, the value of which is almost the same for all TiO2 samples. The largest amount of adsorption of basic and acidic additives is observed in the case of TiO2 samples obtained by the chloride method. In relation to the main additive, TiO2 samples of the following brands show the greatest activity: R-706, R-966, R-280, R-902, BLR-699.
Keywords: functional group, titanium dioxide, adsorption, monolayer, acidic additive, alkaline additive, aluminum, silicon, zirconium oxides, aluminosilicates, acid-base properties, Lewis and Brensted acid centers, chemisorption.

STANDARDIZATION AND METROLOGY
37 UL-263 standard. Safety standard for testing building structures and materials for fire resistance. Part 9 — Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Candidate of Military Sci. Savelyev D. V., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Pavlovich A. V., Mamonov A. I.
Abstract.
The American standard UL-263 for testing building structures and materials for fire resistance is considered. The temperature-time curves of various fire regimes are shown. Special equipment that allows you to test materials under preload was studied. The parameters for which this method is tested are shown. Additional tests of fire-resistant materials with subsequent exposure to a water jet of a fire nozzle are described.
Keywords: temperature regimes of fires, intumescent materials, test furnace, deformation load, water jet impact.

57 YOUR NAVIGATOR
7-8/2023
7-8/2023
4, 64 NEWS

EQUIPMENT
10 One for all

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
12 Modern approach to fire protection of metal structures — Nateikina L. I., Shikhaliev E. A.
46 Technology for obtaining solvent for technical purposes from gas condensate by rectification and investigation of its properties —
Candidate of Tech. Sci., Samukov T. I.
Abstract.
The physicochemical properties of natural gas condensate (GC) have been investigated in order to obtain new competitive solvents with improved quality properties for technical purposes as well as for the production of arenes. The technology of production has been developed and the optimal technological mode of the process of rectification and product development has been determined. A new type of solvents from the new GC raw materials were tested in the production laboratory for quality compliance according to the standards.
Keywords: nefras, aromatic hydrocarbons, crude oil rectification device, gas condensate.

TARE AND PACKAGING
16 Top coatings from Prime Top company: how innovative coatings for metal packaging are produced in Russia

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
19 Domestic nitrile-butadiene rubber as an additive in formulations of paint and varnish materials — Pavlov A. V., Zelenskaya A. D., Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor Fediakova N. V., Zakharov P. D., Khakimova A. I.
Abstract.
The study of the use of domestic nitrile-butadiene rubber of the brand NBR 1845 as a modifier of commercially available paints and varnishes ГФ-021 and XB-0278. The maximum concentration of rubber NBR 1845 was found with a minimum viscosity of the solution in xylene. The stability of modified paint and varnish materials has been tested. The characteristics of the obtained paint coatings were determined in comparison with unmodified coatings.
Keywords: nitrile-butadiene rubber, modification of paint and varnish materials, alkyds.

24 Restore lost positions. Part 3. Increasing the water resistance of products made of polyvinyl acetate dispersion — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Professor Voitovich V. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Professor Khryapchenkova I. N.
Abstract.
The article presents experimental data obtained in the study of such indicators of water resistance as capillary suction, water and vapor permeability, softening coefficient, adhesive strength.
Keywords: polyvinyl acetate dispersion, ethyl silicate-32, water resistance, water absorption by different mechanisms.

34 Heat resistance of organosilicate coatings OS-51-03 from different manufacturers: а сomparative study — Krasilnikova L. N., Candidate of Physico-Mathematical Sci. Alekseev V. A., Doctor of Chem. Sci. Prof. Shilova O. A.
Abstract.
Heat resistance of coatings from organosilicate compositions (OSC) OS-51-03 of cold and hot curing from different manufacturers, including two OSC from commercial manufacturers and an OSC developed and manufactured in Institute of Silicate Chemistry (OSC-ISC), is studied. The heat treatment (H/T) of the samples included heating at a rate of 3 °C/min to T=300 °C and exposure at this temperature for 5 hours. To assess the heat resistance, the properties of the coatings before and after heat treatment are compared. It is shown that H/T of coatings from commercial OSC leads to color changes and significant deterioration of their hardness and abrasion resistance. At the same time, H/T has no significant effect on the color and strength characteristics of OSC-ISC coatings. Despite a significant deterioration in the strength characteristics of coatings from commercial OSC, which is probably due to the thermal decomposition of the binding component of OSC, the values of the specific volume resistance of coatings from commercial OSC and OSC-IHS are of the same order of magnitude both in the initial state and after H/T.
Keywords: heat resistance, organosilicate compositions, organosilicon varnishes.

STANDARDIZATION AND METROLOGY
40 Ul-1709 standard. Tests of flame-retardant materials for structural steel for rapid fire exposure (imitation of a hydrocarbon fire), Part 8 — Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Candidate of Military Sci. Savelyev D. V., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Pavlovich A. V., Mamonov A. I.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
52 Engineering of high-intensive chemical-technological systems of paint and varnish production -Doctor of Tech. Sci., Professor Dorokhov I. N., Doctor of Tech. Sci., Professor Men’shikov V. V., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate professor Boldyrev V. S., Savina A. S., Zotkin A. P.,
Bogatov N. A., Tishkin V. V.
Abstract.
The presented work presents a technique developed by the authors for engineering chemical-technological systems, based on elements of mathematical modeling and system analysis. The described approach makes it possible to optimally and efficiently carry out engineering, as well as reengineering of high-intensity paint and varnish industries, which is confirmed by its application at the objects of the paint and varnish industry.
Keywords: chemical-technological system, engineering, system analysis, organization of production, intensification.

EVENTS
30 Modern requirements for organosilicate coatings discussed in St. Petersburg — Andrutskaya O. M.

61 YOUR NAVIGATOR
6/2023
6/2023
CONTENTS

4, 64 NEWS

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
10 Current trends in research and the development of fire-resistant coatings — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Pavlovich A. V., Candidate of Military Sci. Savelyev D. V., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Candidate of Pedagogical Sci. Danilova T. V., Mamonov A. I.
21 Modification of talc alkyd emulsions and its effect on the properties of coatings during curing — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Shinkareva E. V., Semash N. A.
32 Epoxy composition for interplate joints — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Fedyakova N. V., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Nesterova A. G., Pavlov A. V., Arincheva D. A., Kozhukharov M. S., Khakimova A. I.

EXPERT OPINION
17 Why are we burning?.. — Nateikina L. I.

EQUIPMENT
26 Instead of bead mills vortex layer apparatuses: Ahead of import — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Voitovich V. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Khryapchenkova I. N., Kart M. A., Seregin S. A.

PROTECTION FROM CORROSION
40 Study of the influence of the composition of the dispersed phase on the properties of protective coatings — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Serdcelyubova A. S., Kurshev E. V., Lonskii S. L., Zverevich Yu. K.
53 Corrosion inhibitor pigments: progress and development prospects — Prof. Stepin S. N., Suchkov V. S., Candidate Tech. Sci. Davydova M. S., Candidate Tech. Sci. Kusnezova O. P.

EVENTS
47 Questions of theory and practice in design: new domestic materials and technologies — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Babkina L. A., Cadidate of Juridical Sci. Ivantsov P. P., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Il’ina V. V.

61 YOUR NAVIGATOR
5/2023
5/2023
4, 56 NEWS

EQUIPMENT
10 Mills of new generation

ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
12 Technology and modern market of UV-materials — Petrov N. S.

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
20 And water-dispersion coatings will be called revolutionary — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Professor Voitovich V. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Professor Khryapchenkova I. N.
Abstract.
The article states that polymer dispersions, provided they are modified with special functional additives, can be used for the manufacture of industrial paint and varnish materials. Examples of such paints manufactured in our country are given, the effectiveness of using ethyl silicates as functional additives is shown.
Keywords: industrial water-based coatings, rust converter primers.

28 Regulation of prorerties of UV-curable compositions — Antipova E. A., Korotkova N. P., Spiridonova A. I.
Abstract.
Regulation of the technological and physico-mechanical properties of UV-curable compositions by changing the ratio of oligomers, as well as their structure, has been studied. The possibility of replacing unsaturated monomers in the composition with active diluents, epoxyacrylates based on low-viscosity glycidyl ethers, has been shown. A range of raw materials for UV-curable compositions produced by the Science Development Production Company MACROMER in the name of V.S. Lebedev has been presented.
Keywords: oligourethane(meth)acrylates, epoxyacrylates, active diluents, UV-curable compositions.

INTERVIEW
25 «RUSSIAN PAINTS»: strength in traditions and innovations!

POWDER COATINGS
34 Powder paints based on epoxy binders — Doctor of Tech. Sci, Prof. Mognonov D. M., Doctor of Tech. Sci, Prof. Zayakhanov M. E., Doctor of Tech. Sci, Prof. Buyantuev S.L., Candidate of Tech. Sci, associate professor Balkhanova E. D.
Abstract.
The article considers the production of structurally-colored epoxy binders for powder coatings, the performance of which is improved by fusing epoxy resins with pigments or dyes capable of forming chemical bonds with the resin during the curing process. Based on an epoxy powder composition synthesized by the joint polycondensation of diphenylolpropane, epichlorohydrin using polyglycidyl esters of aminoanthraquinones as a colorant, powder paints have been obtained that give glossy, homogeneous coatings with good decorative properties and can be used in various industries.
Keywords: powder paints, decorative properties, diphenylolpropane, epichlorohydrin.

METHODS OF TESTING
38 Method of analysis of paint and varnish materials — Maltsev S. S., Petrosyan G. O.

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
47 Photo-curable varnishes for glass design and restoration — Doctor of Tech. Sci., Professor Babkin O. E., Associate Professor Babkina L. A., Associate Professor Il’ina V. V.
Abstract.
The article presents the results of research in the field of creating photo-curable varnishes, promising in the design and restoration of glass, mirrors, mosaics, stained-glass windows, as well as when working with historical objects containing elements made of glass.
Keywords: photo-curable varnishes, restorative and protective paints and varnishes coatings, glass, design.

EVENTS
41 Training in the arctic zone of Russia «Safe Arctic — 2023» — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Saveliev D. V., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Zybina O. A., Zavodskov G. N., Danilova T. V., Cherkashina V. G., Ivanova A. M.

44 INTERLAKOKRASKA-2023: the activity of market participants exceeded expectations

53 YOUR NAVIGATOR
4/2023
4/2023
4, 49 NEWS

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
10 Aerosil is not the only light in the window — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Professor Voitovich V. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Professor Khryapchenkova I. N.
Abstract.
In the article, it is proposed to use domestic ethyl silicates instead of imported aerosil to obtain paints and coatings. Experimental results that allow us to consider such a replacement possible and expedient are presented.
Keywords: aerosil, ethyl silicates, ethyl silicate-32, polyvinyl acetate dispersion, epoxy oligomers.

28 Influence of the degree of pigmentation on the gloss of alkyd-urethane enamels — Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor Fediakova N. V., senior lecturer Pavlov A. V., Category 1 engineer Zelenskaya A. D., Doctor of Chemistry, Vice-Rector for Science Sherbina A. A.
Abstract.
The study of the influence of the degree of pigmentation of titanium dioxide alkyd-urethane varnish on the gloss of the formed coatings. The dependence of gloss on the degree of pigmentation is recommended as a calibration curve for calculating the filling constants of paints and varnishes of other color versions, and for cases when it is necessary to replace some of the pigments with fillers, which will reduce the number of experiments when developing formulations of new coatings.
Keywords: gloss of paint coatings, degree of pigmentation, filling constant, development of formulations of paint materials.

40 Thick-layer buffer coatings for optical fiber — Doctor of Tech. Sci., Professor Babkin O. E., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Professor Babkina L. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Professor Il’ina V. V., Litosov G. E., Gusev A. V., Minaev A. A., Kinareeva N. A.
Abstract.
The article presents the results of research in the field of creating protective coatings for optical fibers obtained by the «wet-on-wet» technology. The characteristics of UV-curable compositions obtained on raw materials from different manufacturers are considered. The influence of temperature on the dynamic viscosity of compositions on traditionally used and analogous raw materials was studied.
Proposed and substantiated by differential scanning microscopy data are technological solutions for obtaining a two-layer coating on an industrial installation NPP Spetskabel (Spetskabel Research and Production Enterprise, Moscow).
Keywords: optical fiber, UV curable compositions, «wet-on-wet» technology.

POINT OF VIEW
14 Production of paints and varnishes for woodworking: prospects and development

TINTING TECHNOLOGIES
18 Nanocrystalline cellulose as a spectacular pigment in transparent coatings for wood

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
33 Study of adsorption capacity of paint additives by spectrophotometric method — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Konichev M. A., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Smrchek V. A., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kutasevich A. V., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kienskaya K. I., Koldaeva T. Yu., Doctor of Chem. Sci., prof. Perevalov V. P.
Abstract.
A number of colored paint additives with different anchor groups have been synthesized. The procedure for studying adsorption of these substances on solid adsorbents (pigments) from organic solutions by spectrophotometric method was developed. This procedure has been shown to be universal and independent of the nature of the solvent and solid adsorbents.
Keywords: paint additives, spectrophotometric analysis, pigments, adsorption.

EVENTS
24 Paint production in new realities — Andrutskaya O. M.

46 YOUR NAVIGATOR
3/2023
3/2023
CONTENTS

4, 59 NEWS

INTERVIEW
12 We have come seriously and for a long time…
20 Strength in Unity

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
14 Rutilization of titanium dioxide, produced from ammonium hexafluorotitane — Prof. Dyachenko A. N., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Dyachenko E. N.

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
22 Development of technology for the production of anti-friction chemical resistant fluorourethane coatings for equipment for underwater hydrocarbon production systems — Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Babkin O. E., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Litosov D. E., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Korobchuk M. S., Tokarev A. S., Tokarev P. A., Sumskiy A. S.
29 Promising areas of research and development in the technology of creating new anti-fouling materials. Part 3 — Drinberg A. A., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Babkin O. E., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Shamtsyan M. M., Cherkashina V. G., Ivanova A. M.
40 Restore lost positions. Part 2. Increasing the water resistance of coatings formed from compositions based on polyvinyl acetate dispersion — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Professor Voitovich V. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Professor Khryapchenkova I. N.
50 Physico-chemical resistance and shock-absorbing properties of polymer composites with a protective shell — Yamilinets S. Yu., Lozitskaya A. V., Prof., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Kondratov A. P.

PRODUCTS AND RESEARCH
32 Water-dispersion acrylic enamel for radiators modified with epoxy binders —Candidate of Chem. Sci. Konstantinova E. P., Prof. Nikolaev P. V., Urmatskih S. E., Pticyn D. A., Bojko N. Ju.

ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
46 Economic aspects of the production of hydrocarbon solvents on basis of gascondensate — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Samukov T. I.

56 YOUR NAVIGATOR
1-2/2023
1-2/2023
4, 78 NEWS

COMPANY’s PORTRAIT
8 RIF-Micromramor — a solution for manufacturers of paint and varnish materials
14 The history of one diversification: how to turn antiseptics into professional hygiene

INTERVIEW
16 The formula for success is the ability to separate the empty from the solid

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
20 Improvement of technological and operational properties water-dispersion primer — Vasjalina A. A., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Ozhiganov V. V., Miloslavskaya V. V., Bakunin D. O., prof. Ilyin A. A., prof. Indeykin E. A.
Abstract.
The influence of various surfactants on the dispersion time of pigments and fillers in a water dispersion primer and on some properties of the formed coatings has been studied. It is shown that a nonionic dispersant, which is a polymer with pigmentaffin groups, makes it possible to disperse pigments and fillers in an aqueous medium to the required degree of particle dispersion in a minimum time. When using this dispersant, the best operational properties are observed.
Keywords: dispersants, anticorrosive properties, water-dispersion primer, water resistance, salt resistance.

28 Increasing the hydrophilicity of titanium dioxide by surface treatment with special additives of the trademark IVR — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Aristov B. G., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Konichev M. A., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Yarovaya O. V.
Abstract.
Work has been carried out to study the effect of IVP brand additives on the wetting ability (hydrophilicity) of plates of artificially grown single crystal TiO2 (rutile).TiO2 plates were kept in solutions of additives in xylene of different concentrations. At the same time, the additive was adsorbed on the surface of TiO2 with the formation of a film, which was expressed in a change in the wetting angle θ when applied to the modified surface of water and ethylene glycol (EG).
The wetting isotherms of H2O and EG are determined. It is shown that modification leads to an increase in the wettability of TiO2 with water and EG. The greatest wetting ability is acquired by samples modified with additives with a low GLB value, a small molecular weight and a high amine number. At the same time, cosθ reaches a plateau, reaching values of ≈0.99, starting with the concentration of these additives of ≈0.5% wt.
It is obvious that H2O and EG molecules interact with polar groups of additives (diphilic surfactants) forming a surface film, reducing the surface tension (σ). This leads to an improvement in wettability and an increase in the work of adhesion W. To assess the relationship between cosθ and W by the Wu method in the case of H2O, the values of the surface tension (σTg) of modified TiO2 samples, their dispersion and polar components were determined.
The additive values of W calculated by the Wu method for modified TiO2 samples coincided with the values of W determined by the Young–Dupree equation, which indicates the possibility of using this method, usually used for polymers, in the case of a modified TiO2 surface.
It is shown that modification of TiO2 with additives of the IVP trademark allows to influence the value of the polar component σ, increasing W and wetting ability.
Keywords: wettability, modified surface, wetting isotherms, surface film, surface tension, adhesion work, dispersion and polar components.

35 Pigments for coatings: yesterday, todаy, tomorrow. Part 2. — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kaverinsky V. S., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Indeikina A. E., Kaverinsky D. V., Prof. Indeikin E. A.
Abstract.
Pigments are the most important components for coatings, printing inks, building materials, plastics, rubber products, linoleum, natural and artificial leathers, ceramics, medicines, cosmetics and many others. The history, current state and actual tasks of pigment production are considered.


PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
24 Two component acrylic resins used in superior performance paint and varnish formulations — Babayiğit Levent, Dr. Dizman Cemil

56 Highly hydrophobic epoxy powder coatings modified with fine particles of polytetrafluoroethylene — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Egorova N. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Kozmina N. S., Professor, Doctor of Chem. Sci. Mashlyakovskiy L. N., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Khomko E. V.
Abstract.
It is shown, that the use of rather simple dry-mixing loading method of the microdispersed polytetrafluoroethylene particles (0.2–1.5 w. %) into industrial epoxy powder paint makes it possible to prepare coatings with diverse hydrophobicity (from hydrophobic to superhydrophobic), good mechanical characteristics, different gloss (from high glossy to deep matt), scrub resistance, hydrophobicity retention after testing in different mediums. Properties of the modified coatings depending on the polytetrafluoroethylene particles loading has been studied.
Keywords: epoxy powder paint, microdispersed polytetrafluoroethylene particles, modification by dry-mixing method, highly hydrophobic coatings.

66 Promising areas of research and development in the technology of creating new anti-fouling materials. Part 2 — Drinberg A. A., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Babkin O. E., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Shamtsyan M. M., Cherkashina V. G., Ivanova A. M.
Abstract.
Existing coatings for subsea hydrocarbon production systems have been studied. All existing types of fThe current trends in the development and use of antifouling coatings are summarized. Classifications of coatings by the presence or absence of biocides in their composition, structural features and surface properties are given, requirements for antifouling coatings are given, advantages and disadvantages are evaluated. Examples of technical solutions and technologies aimed at increasing the efficiency of combating marine fouling while minimizing the burden on the environment are given.
Keywords: marine fouling, antifouling, biocorrosion, marine colony, biocide-free coatings, biologically active substances, amphiphilic molecules, photosynthesis, bacterial quorum, oxygen autotrophy, biogenic nanoparticles, chelates, bionic antifouling, water displacement.

PRODUCTS AND RESEARCH
47 Influence of functional fillers on char characteristics of epoxy-based fire-retardant coatings — Maksimov V. R., Petrosyan G. O.

62 Physico-chemical and operational properties of paints in gas-condensate solvents series GC-LKM — Doctor of Tech. Sci. Khamidov B. N., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Samukov T. I., Ergashev Kh. T., Golyakov I. R.
Abstract.
The physicochemical properties of traditional petroleum and new gas condensate (GC) solvents have been studied and investigated according to the standards. Experimental batches of GC solvents have been tested in the laboratory for compare with the properties of paints and their industrial application.
Keywords: paints, solvent from gas condensate, fraction of hydrocarbons.

EVENTS
41 To love your job — Andrutskaya O. M.

NECROLOGUE
77 In memory of O. E. Babkin

74 YOUR NAVIGATOR
12/2022
12/2022
44, 51 NEWS

INTERVIEW
12 We see great potential for further growth in demand

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
15 Pigments for coatings: yesterday, todаy, tomorrow — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kaverinsky V. S., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Indeikina A. E.,
Kaverinsky D. V., Prof. Indeikin E. A.

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
20 Restore lost positions — Candidate of Tech. Sci., Associate Professor Voitovich V. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Professor Khryapchenkova I. N.
Abstract.
The article suggests ways to improve the quality of products, especially paint and varnish materials obtained from domestic polyvinyl acetate dispersion, which allows replacing the use of imported styrene-acrylic dispersions that have fallen under sanctions.
Keywords: import substitution, styrene-acrylic dispersions, polyvinyl acetate dispersion, improvement of physical and mechanical properties.

24 Polyurethanes: technological and environmental progress and prospects — Prof., Stepin S. N., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Kurnosova D. R., Candidate of Tech. Sci Usmanova E. D., Moskvin I. G.
Abstract.
The advantages of the technology for producing polyurethanes without the use of isocyanates, the prospects for the development of the raw material base of this direction of polymer synthesis taking into account the requirements of «green» chemistry, the advantages of non-isocyanate polyurethanes and ways to eliminate the disadvantages limiting their use are considered.
Keywords: non-isocyanate polyurethanes, production, advantage, raw materials.

29 Promising areas of research and development in the technology of creating new anti-fouling materials. — Drinberg A. A., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Babkin O. E., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Shamtsyan M. M., Cherkashina V. G., Ivanova A. M.
Abstract.
The current trends in the development and use of antifouling coatings are summarized. Classifications of coatings by the presence or absence of biocides in their composition, structural features and surface properties are given, requirements for antifouling coatings are given, advantages and disadvantages are evaluated. Examples of technical solutions and technologies aimed at increasing the efficiency of combating marine fouling while minimizing the burden on the environment are given.
Keywords: marine fouling, antifouling, biocorrosion, marine colony, biocide-free coatings, biologically active substances, amphiphilic molecules, photosynthesis, bacterial quorum, oxygen autotrophy, biogenic nanoparticles, chelates, bionic antifouling, water displacement.

38 Multifunctional Gelcoats for Fiber Reinforced Composites


CORROSION PROTECTION
35 Hydrophobic polyurethane coating against corrosion of reinforced concrete structures exposed to the marine environment

EVENTS
10 Financial and credit measures to support small and medium-sized businesses
41 Exhibition Chemistry attracts new participants

45 YOUR NAVIGATOR

48 INDEX OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN 2022
11/2022
11/2022
4–9, 11–13 NEWS

EXPERT VOICE
14 Not to hope, but to act. Act together — Candidate of Chem. Sci Kraikivsky P. B.

INTERVIEW
16 Indlak Trading House LLC:16 years on the market of additives and raw materials for coatings
22 The main task is to provide the industry with raw materials

PRODUCTS AND RESEARCH
19 Colloidal microcellulose: an effective tool for stabilizing pigment dispersions

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
24 Small functional additives produced by Maсromer company — Antipova E. A., Korotkova N. P., Candidate of Chem. Sci, Tarasov V. N., Ermakov I. O.
Abstract.
The range and properties of small functional additives for water-dispersion paintwork materials produced by company Macromer: dispersants of the Macromer brand, thickener Laprol DZ, coalescing aid Laprol 251D, 351D.
Keywords: small functional additives, dispersants, thickener, coalescing aid.

40 Antistatic coatings from powder epoxy-polyester compositions modified with concentrates of single–walled carbon nanotubes TUBALLTM MATRIX — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Egorova N. A., Candidate of Tech. Sci. Khomko E. V., Doctor of Chem. Sci. Mashlyakovsky L. N.

EVENTS
28 CENTRLAK discussed the prospects of the industry — Andrutskaya O. M.

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
30 Influence of polyvinyl alcohol on stability and rheological properties of alkyd emulsions. Properties of compositions based on them — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Shinkareva E. V., Semash N. A.
Abstract.
The possibility of obtaining coalescence-resistant emulsions of LidAlkid 60-L alkyd resin (JSC Lakokraska, Lida, Republic of Belarus) in the presence of polyvinyl alcohol microparticles is shown. The properties of film coatings obtained on the basis of these emulsions and the corresponding curing catalysts have been studied.
Keywords: modifier, alkyd resin, polyvinyl alcohol, desiccant.

TEST METHODS
35 Problems of practical determination of volume solids — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Maltsev S. S., Dybal D. A.

NECROLOGUE
10 In memory of Ermilov S. P.
10 In memory of Lambrev V. G.

46 YOUR NAVIGATOR
10/2022
10/2022
4, 45 NEWS

COMPANY PORTRAIT
Keeping up with the times

PRODUCTS AND RESEARCH
17 Production of water-containing alkyd enamels using IVP trademark reverse emulsifiers — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Konichev M. A., Shatava O. S., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Aristov B. G.
32 Blocked isocyanates for low temperature curing automotive clear coats

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
26 Aqueous vermiculite dispersion for Increasing the fire resistance of fabrics
In the texture of a fiberglass matrix — Candidate of Tech. Sci. Shinkareva E. V., Semash N. A.
Abstract.
The results of a study of the import-substituting composition of vermiculite dispersion based on expanded vermiculite, silver graphite particles, and an aqueous emulsion of polymethylphenylsiloxane modified with polyvinyl alcohol are presented. A comparative analysis of the physical and mechanical parameters of the dispersion and the fiberglass treated with it in comparison with the imported analogue of the Microlite HTS-HE brand was carried out. It is shown that the dispersion is stable for at least 24 months, its treatment of fiberglass contributes to an increase in their tensile strength by 1.5–2 times and fire resistance up to 1200 °C.
Keywords: vermiculite, fiberglass, fire resistance.

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
22 UV curable polyurethane dispersions for aerospace coatings
35 UV-quantum technologies of formation protective, decorative and functional polymer coatings. Part III. Sources of UV radiation and the use of UV-curable coatings — Doctor of Tech. Sci. Kondrashov E. K., Kozlova A. A.
Abstract.
This article discusses the types of industrial and laboratory sources of UV radiation and provides examples of industrial applications of UV-curable oligomer-monomer transparent and pigmented UV-curing compositions, including in the aviation industry. The paper describes the advantages and disadvantages of mercury, fluorescent and LED sources of UV radiation. An example of the design of a UV radiation source is presented, which makes it possible to promote UV curing technologies in the production of large-sized products and objects.
Keywords:UV curing, UV radiation sources, polymer coatings.

42 YOUR NAVIGATOR
9/2022
9/2022
4, 46 NEWS

ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
10 Coatings for wood: growth is quite modest

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
14 UV-quantum technologies of formation protective, decorative and functional polymer coatings.Part II. Pigments, fillers, additives and compositions for UV-curable coatings — Doctor of Tech. Sci. Kondrashov E. K., Kozlova A. A.
Abstract.
This article analyzes publications concerning the influence of the properties of pigments, fillers and special additives on the anticorrosive and functional properties of UV-polymerized coatings. The effect of the size and shape of pigment particles on the rate of UV-polymerization, as well as the effect of dispersants, adhesion promoters, UV-absorbers and surfactants on the properties of the coatings obtained, is shown. Typical formulations of UV-polymerized compositions are given. The possibility of obtaining oxide nanoparticles from europium compounds directly into film-forming agents during UV-polymerization is shown.

Keywords: UV-polymerization, pigments, dispersants, adhesion promoters, UV-absorbers.

RAW MATERIALS, INTERMEDIATES AND PRODUCTS
21 Wood coatings for the furniture industry

PRODUCTS AND RESEARCH
25 Colloidal-chemical properties of emulsifiers by the IVP trademark for reverse emulsions — Candidate of chem. Sci. Aristov B. G., Candidate of chem. Sci. Konichev M. A., Candidate of chem. Sci. Smrchek V. A., Candidate of chem. Sci. Yarovaya O. V.
Abstract.
The study of colloidal-chemical properties of emulsifiers by the IVP trademark for reverse emulsions, which are by chemical nature a solution in an organic solvent of derivatives of triglycerides of fatty acids of tallow or sunflower oil and ethanolamines. The acid and hydroxyl numbers, as well as the hydrophilic-lipophilic balance of the synthesized emulsifiers were determined. Their surface activity, micelle formation and emulsifying ability were used. It is shown that the studied diphilic compounds belong to the class of colloidal surfactants with high surface activity and the ability to micelle formation. For all samples, the experimentally determined surface tension isotherms and critical concentration of micelle formation (ССМ) values practically coincided, although the samples have different chemical structures. This indicates both their adsorption on the glass surface of the capillary for measurements, and the peculiarities of the association of surfactant molecules in a non-aqueous medium. It is obvious that the determination of isotherms of surface tension, CСМ, surface activity and Gibbs adsorption in a non-aqueous medium by conventional methods is incorrect. The stabilizing ability of reverse emulsions of water — alkyd varnish with the addition of the studied emulsifiers has been studied. It is shown that emulsifiers with a high hydroxyl number have the best emulsifying effect, which can be recommended for the production of water-containing alkyd enamels.

Keywords: emulsifier, surface activity, surface tension, micelle formation, hydrophilic-lipophilic balance, hydroxyl number, adsorption, emulsifying ability.

37 Aqueous intumescent coatings with encapsulated ammonium polyphosphate for wooden constructions

4STANDARDIZATION AND METROLOGY
31 ASTM D5132 STANDARD:the standard method for determining the horizontal burning rate of polymer materials used in passenger cabins of motor vehicles (Part 7) — Candidate of Military Sci. Savelyev D. V., Candidate of chem. Sci. Pavlovich A. V., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Candidate of chem. Sci. Mametnabiev T. E., Candidate of Pedagogic Sci. Danilova T. V., Candidate of tech. Sci. Ivanov A. V.

POINT OF VIEW
41 New functional coatings for investigation in space

43 YOUR NAVIGATOR
7-8/2022
7-8/2022
4, 54 NEWS

TINTING TECHNOLOGIES
9 Transition to tinting systems with low volatile content: problems and solutions

INTERVIEW
12 The zolotnik is small — but expensive. Will new appointments change the situation in the industry?

COMPANY’S PORTRAIT
16 New opportunities and discoveries of EURO COLOR LLC

RAW MATERIALS. INTERMEDIATES AND PRODUCTS
18 Nanoscale dispersions based on ultrathin titanium dioxide for water coatings
48 Epoxy coatings for construction modified with glass waste powder

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
20 UV-quantum technologies of formation protective, decorative and functional polymer coatings. Part I. Film-forming agents of UV-polymerized coatings — Doctor of Tech. Sci. Kondrashov E. K., Kozlova A. A.
Abstract.
This article analyzes publications concerning the nomenclature of synthesized oligomers and monomers with double bonds in the chain, capable of polymerizing with the participation of photoinitiators by the mechanism of radical polymerization under the influence of light radiation quanta. The paper presents chemical and structural formulas of mono- and bifunctional monomers and oligomers, as well as chemical formulas of photoinitiators indicating the wavelength of maximum absorption of light radiation. It is shown that almost all synthesized mono- and bifunctional monomers and oligomers are acrylates, which are characterized by the maximum rate of photoinitiation. The paper reveals a fundamentally new direction in the synthesis of UV polymerizable oligomers — water-dilutable polyurethane oligomers based on isoforondiisocyanate with terminal unsaturated bonds.
Keywords: photoinitiators, UV curing, acrylates, polyurethane oligomers

PRODUCTS AND RESEARCH
27 Self-luminous coating — Candidate of chem. Sci. Maltsev S. S., Dybal D. A.
Abstract.
The possibility of manufacturing a transparent paintwork with luminous elements based on radioactive tritium gas is considered. The theoretical possibility of creating such a coating is shown and options for its use are proposed.
Keywords: radioluminescence, tritium, illumination, coating.

EVENTS
30 Topical issues of the use of organosilicate compositions at the facilities of ROSATOM State Corporation — Andrutskaya O. M.

STANDARDIZATION AND METROLOGY
36 ASTM 6413 standard. The method of testing textile materials for resistant to fire (vertical test) (Part 6) — Candidate of Military Sci. Savelyev D. V., Candidate of chem. Sci. Pavlovich A. V., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Candidate of chem. Sci. Mametnabiev T. E., Candidate of Pedagogic Sci. Danilova T. V., Candidate of tech. Sci. Ivanov A.V.

POWDER COATINGS
43 Development of anticorrosive powder coating for painting the external surfaces of oil pipelines — Rudenko Yu. G., Ph.D. Fedyakova N. V., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Kvasnikov M. Yu.
Abstract.
The article is devoted to the development of an anticorrosive powder coating material, which is used for painting the external surfaces of oil pipelines.The methods of simplified calculation of formulations of powder paints and varnishes are given.
A mathematical algorithm, is proposed for calculating the mixed hardener of epoxy powder materials
Keywords: powder paints, paint coatings, hardener.

51 YOUR NAVIGATOR
6/2022
6/2022
4, 48 NEWS

CORROSION PROTECTION
10 Obtaining and properties of water-dispersion epoxy varnish for finish coating of anti-corrosion primers — Doctor of Chem. Sci., Koshevar V. D., Shkadretsova V. G.
Abstract.
The influence of various ingredients (hardeners, coalescents, wetting agents, defoamers) on the colloid-chemical properties of the aqueous dispersion of the ED-22 epoxy oligomer was studied, which made it possible to develop and experimentally substantiate the formulation of a water-borne epoxy varnish for decorative and protective coatings. The process of chemical cross-linking (curing) of films and coatings formed on surfaces using the specified varnish obtained by various technological methods has been studied and optimized. An experimental batch of lacquer was made, its physical, mechanical and operational properties were assessed, and the high efficiency of the developed water-dispersion epoxy lacquer was shown when used as a finish coating of anti-corrosion primers based on water-dispersion paint and varnish materials.
Key words: epoxy oligomer, hardeners, coalescents, defoamers, varnish, viscosity, coatings, hardness.

18 Building bridges

24 Evaluation of the physico-chemical properties of the anticorrosive zinc silicate coating «Zynoferr»® with a change in the mass ratio of zinc in the paint system — Glazov P. M., Candidate of Chem. Sci., Vasilenko O. A.
Abstract.
The key changes in the properties of the zinc silicate anticorrosive coating Cynoferr®, with different zinc content in it, are considered, the dependences of the viscosity, the degree of adhesion, drying time, the effect of zinc on the thickness of the coating are estimated. Graphical materials of dependencies are presented and recommendations on the use of the required amount of zinc in the coating system are given.
Keywords: zinc silicate binder, anticorrosive coatings, zinc mass fraction

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
21 Digital measuring module for thermochronometry — Ochenkov D. E., Candidate of Chem. Sci., Fedyakova N. V.

ECOLOGY AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY
28 When the smoothness of coatings is insufficiency for maximum efficiency — Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kaverinsky V. S., Kaverinsky D. V.

PRODUCTS AND RESEARCH
32 Underwater antifouling enamel — Cherkashina V. G., Ivanova A. M., Doctor of Tech. Sci. Drinberg A. S., Tarasova I. N., Nedvedsky G. R.
Abstract.
A technology for the production of special anti-fouling enamel for underwater application has been developed. Enamel does not contain organic solvents and copper oxide. Enamel has anti-corrosion properties. Ecologically valuable biocides not containing metal ions are used. The technological characteristics of enamel have been studied. Enamel consumption with a thickness of 250–300 microns is from 300 to 500 g/m2. Underwater full-scale tests of the developed material were carried out. The water temperature for underwater application constitute from + 25 to + 3 °C.
Keywords: contact angle, water displacement, hydrophilization, polarity, biocides, metal ions, anti-corrosion properties.


CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES
36 Surface properties of photo-cured compositions — Tikhomirova A. O., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Kostitsyn A. V., Doctor of Chem. Sci. Ilyin A. A., Doctor of Chem. Sci. Indeikin E. A.
Abstract.
The surface energy of photo-curing was studied. The curves of dynamic surface tension of monomers, polyester tetra acrylate and it’s mixtures were obtained on time.
Keywords: oligomer, monomer, UV-curing, dynamic surface tension, surface activity.

PROCESSING OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
41 Modification of enamel XB-1120 with aminosilane — Cook C. G., Candidate of Chem. Sci. Fedyakova N. V., Pavlov A. B., Doctor of Chem. Sci. Shcherbina A. A.
Abstract.
The article introduces research in the field of chemical technology of film-forming substances, in particular, studies were conducted with enamel XB-1120 green. A new method of applying enamel XB-1120 is proposed, which excludes the stage of surface preparation, which is necessary for its usual use. A number of experiments were carried out, the technological and technical properties of enamel were compared with the addition of the AGM-9 modifier and without. Special attention is paid to the adhesion of the paint coating, its strength and stability of the paint material.
Keywords: chemistry of film-forming substances, modification, coatings, adhesion, enamel XB-1120.

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